This is my first contribution to Audiocookbook, and I want to thank John for creating such a cool place to share. I have wide ranging interests in audio that link to tech, brain, music, therapy, education and most everything that vibrates… it’s alive! (Or we can make it so with a bit of sound design.) So I plan to write some musings on these professional and creative explorations, with the hope that they will kick start a few inspirations in our community.
A lot of what I’ve written in my book “Sound Design” came from researching the best practices of the industry, scientific basis of hearing and music theory. However, the more interesting approaches I found through personal observation and experimentation. One of those discoveries I call Sound Spheres, which I’ll introduce in this blog. (I wrote an in depth article which is posted on my website www.sounddesignforpros.com that you can read if you would like to get more details.)
If we consider the human experience of our environment from its most intimate to most external, a model of six concentric spheres can serve to describe the various levels of sonic information available.
- I think – Internal audio thoughts: memories, daydreaming, dreams, mental rehearsal or notes to oneself, internal music.
- I am – Sounds created by ones own body: heartbeat, breathing, mouth sounds (chew, cough, hiccup, sneeze, etc.), scratching, digestive sounds.
- I touch – Contact with the outside world that sets up sonic vibrations: footsteps, manipulating tools, utensils, food, contact sports, typing.
- I see – Events, objects and actions in our field of vision that create sounds (equivalent to “on screen”): people talking visibly, television, cars passing by, boiling teapot.
- I know – Sounds that have a reference to our environment or experience, but no visible source: people talking outside our vision, crickets, radio music, wind.
- I don’t know – Unrecognizable sounds, out of sight. No examples of sources can be made, but the acoustic parameters (loud-soft, high-low pitch, short-long, etc.) and emotional qualities (soothing, scary, oddly familiar, weird, etc.) can be described.
Translating this model of perceptual reality to audiovisual media, sound can serve to intentionally manipulate the audience/listener in their physical and psychological orientation. Several examples are:
- Moving from the inner to outer sound spheres will direct the attention of the audience from more personal contact with the character toward more awareness of the surrounding environment.
- Contracting or expanding the number of spheres simultaneously present will limit or expand the attention demanded upon the audience. Limiting can help focus or create tedium. Expanding can help stimulate or create overwhelm.
- Transitioning a single sound from one sphere to another can drive the drama. Very fertile ground for storytelling can be plowed with sound design creating tension, anticipation, release and surprise. Some possible movements between spheres: I don’t know -> I see; I think -> I know; I touch -> I don’t know
TRY THIS: Sit for 3 minutes and write down every sound you hear, associating it with a specific sound sphere. What informs you of your environment, what draws your attention, what creates a feeling or emotion? Are there any sounds in the “I don’t know” sphere, and if so, what kind of reaction does this cause – curiosity, laughter, fear? Note in particular what sound shift from one sphere to another. Where do you experience transitions, tension, build, climax and resolution? How can this be used in a filmic scene to move story?
Coming up: New audio game in development www.3DeafMice.com. Check out these rockin’ rodents!